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What is temperature transportation and what are their features

What is temperature transportation and what are their features

20 December 2022 12:09

Cargo transportation of goods from a warehouse to another warehouse or to the consumer under the conditions of compliance with the recommended temperature regime is called “temperature transportation”. As a car for the transportation of such cargo, specialized transport is used, in which there is a special body with climate control and thermal insulation. In such bodies, you can easily maintain accurate and constant indicators of temperature and humidity. Thanks to the body with such technologies, goods and all products will retain all their characteristics and properties.

Грузоперевозки с рефрижератором Киев

The transport company must have the highest degree of professionalism and proper planning in order for temperature controlled freight transportation to be successful. Any slightest problem can spoil the entire consignment: problems on the road, breakdowns and even the slightest delays on the way. To ensure successful cargo transportation, we recommend that you contact a professional Don-Trans transport company and do not take risks, because in the case of working with inexperienced carriers, your losses can be serious. For a car, there is always preparation before transportation. It includes: car disinfection, body cleaning, cooling or heating, so that goods from warehouses move to optimal temperature conditions.

This type of cargo transportation is used among a huge list of goods. It can include both food products, drinks, plants, medicines and cosmetics, and more. Let’s find out what you need to observe and know about the nuances when working with various types of products and at the same time find out what types of transport transport goods over long distances.

Transportation of food

For the transportation of various types of food, it is most often necessary to use a certain temperature regime. Let us consider in more detail which groups of goods need temperature transportation:

  1. When transporting eggs, a closed body type is used, while the eggs are packed in boxes with special shapes. Transportation of eggs is a very important task, since you need to monitor not only the temperature regime, but also keep the body clean – there should be no foreign smells in the car.
  2. As for the transportation of vegetables and fruits, they can be transported at positive temperatures – from 6 to 15 degrees, and with proper control of humidity in the car. If fruits and vegetables are transported over long distances, it is necessary to optimally select consignments that will be combined with each other, otherwise the products may deteriorate.
  3. Fish and other seafood are transported with full consideration of all the features of their storage. If the goods are frozen, refrigerators are used during transportation, they keep the temperature in the range from -18 to -6 degrees. If the product is smoked, the temperature regime will be from 3 to 6 degrees. They pack fish and seafood in special boxes and boxes, often even barrels are used.
  4. Dairy products are transported strictly at a temperature of about 4 degrees. Refrigerators are also used here for cargo transportation, which keep the temperature at -18 degrees. All types of cheeses are in boxes that are fully ventilated.
  5. Finally, all different meat products are transported either frozen or chilled. Special refrigerators are used as storage, which regulate the humidity and temperature inside the car body. Such a refrigerator keeps the temperature at -18 degrees, and the duration of cargo transportation can last up to 20 days. Chilled products are transported at a temperature of 5 degrees and the maximum shipping time for them is up to 12 days. Frozen meat is usually stacked in the body, thanks to which all the necessary temperature conditions are maintained.

It is especially important when planning cargo transportation and food logistics to follow a complete chain so that there are no gaps. For such goods, the speed of transportation is very important – the faster the products arrive from the starting point to the final point, the better.

Features of the transportation of canned food, sweets, drinks and plants

Goods such as sweets, canned food and drinks are usually transported under the conditions specified by the manufacturer of these products. For example, for beer drinks the temperature is 12 degrees, for wine drinks from 10 to 18 degrees, and for various juices the temperature becomes 15 degrees. Canned meat and vegetables are transported in the range from 0 to 15 degrees. It is much more difficult to transport confectionery products, during transportation it is necessary to refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations and the composition of the product.

Some products can be transported frozen. These include yeast, dough, and even margarine. Finished confectionery products: cakes, rolls and cakes are transported at a temperature of 1 to 6 degrees. As for baking, it is transported at a temperature of 10 to 15 degrees.

Plants, planting materials and even seeds require special temperature conditions and precise humidity for transportation. It is forbidden to transport such goods if the car is clearly overheated in temperature or there is a drought.

Transportation of drugs and medicines

Refrigerated trucks are also used to transport medicines. However, only those transport companies that have a special license for transportation can transport medicines. When transporting medicinal products, it is very important to observe the exact humidity and temperature conditions and also have the entire list of necessary documents.

There are certain rules for transporting drugs and medicines:

  1. Only environmentally friendly and hygienic materials should be used as materials for the interior of the car body.
  2. Transport must be constantly clean – it is necessary to undergo sanitation. At the same time, such transport should transport only medical preparations – other categories of products are strictly prohibited.
  3. Employees who are involved in the transportation of medicinal products must undergo a medical examination and always carry a medical book with them.

When transporting medicines, it is imperative to keep a certain temperature regime in the back of the transport. The temperature is always indicated when loading products, it may well be different. However, if the car does not have the necessary refrigerator that will allow you to regulate different temperature conditions, it is forbidden to transport medicines in the same car body, which requires different temperature conditions. The carrier is always responsible for the transportation and safety of medicines, for the speed of delivery to hospitals, pharmacies and various warehouses.

Which transport is used for temperature transportation

For the transportation of goods that require proper temperature conditions, a special vehicle is used, which can regulate and maintain a constant microclimate in its body. Most often, refrigerators and special thermal vans are used for this purpose. Refrigerators are always used to transport chilled goods or those products that require sub-zero temperatures: vegetables and fruits, eggs, plants and seeds, berries and even honey. Refrigerators can transport cosmetics and various medical preparations, which do not require a special regime for transportation.

Refrigerated trucks are usually used when you need to transport frozen products, most often such goods are perishable. The refrigerator has an excellent freezer, which easily keeps the microclimate set for it.

For cargo transportation over long distances, the journey of which takes more than 1 day (usually international transportation), refrigerators are used. But thermal vans are most often used for cargo transportation within the settlement or during transportation, which takes several hours in time.

After unloading the goods, almost always, the refrigerator is completely defrosted, so for it, as well as for the thermal van, the following rules should be observed:

  1. After the end of the trip, it is necessary to use disinfection or washing, depending on the type of product transported.
  2. The carrier must carry the required health passport at all times.
  3. Vehicles must regularly undergo technical inspection and be in full working order.

What types of temperature cargo transportation exist

Planning and building a route from point A to point B, taking into account all the nuances and complexities, is called logistics. Usually, cargo transportation and the use of different temperature conditions are carried out in different ways. Transportation can be classified according to different conditions, transport, and even travel distance. There are certain types of cargo transportation:

  1. International trucking – the car moves to another country, in rare cases even through several countries. International flights can take up to 30 days.
  2. Interregional cargo transportation – transport moves to neighboring areas, always within its own country. Usually such flights take from 5 to 7 days on the way.
  3. Intercity trucking – the path takes an average distance within the same area.
  4. Intracity freight transportation – movement within one city center.

For cargo transportation, the necessary package of documents is always drawn up, for each type of cargo transportation there are different packages. For international shipments, cargo is usually cleared through customs, so it will require the appropriate accompanying documents.

What will happen to the products if the temperature regimes are not observed during transportation

Sometimes there are situations in which the carrier of the transport company is not able to comply with the necessary conditions for the storage of the transported cargo. Most often, these are such force majeure events as an accident, a car breakdown and, in the rarest cases, the arrest of a vehicle. Such unpleasant situations come at the right time for all parties: the transport company that transports the goods, the sender of the goods and its recipient. With such problems, the consequences are usually very disappointing, so it is recommended to insure the transported goods.

Let’s find out what will happen to the products if the temperature regime is suddenly violated:

  • Cosmetics and related products will almost always become unusable and will have to be disposed of;
  • Milk and dairy products will deteriorate noticeably and should not be used for sale in the future;
  • Vegetables and fruits are usually able to withstand short-term temperature changes, so they are discounted in the future;
  • Various semi-finished products, meat, poultry and fish are disposed of if they have been defrosted. There is a direct health risk to the consumer if such products are thawed and then re-frozen, so markdowns cannot be made.
  • Medicines and medicines are also sent for processing or even for disposal if the temperature regime was violated during transportation.

Don-Trans Company is a professional carrier that guarantees complete safety, quality and fast transportation of your products. If you need to order transportation with a temperature regime, leave a request in a special contact form or call the numbers listed on the website.

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