Bulk cargo refers to cargo that can easily disintegrate and have a free surface when in the cargo hold. These can be both natural bulk materials such as sand, gravel, grain, cement, coal, sugar, as well as artificial materials such as plastic granules, ceramic powders, coke, etc. Bulk cargo also includes liquids and gaseous substances that can lose their shape during transport and have a free surface in the cargo hold. Transportation of bulk cargoes requires special attention to their packaging, stowage, fixing and choice of vehicles to prevent spillage and ensure safe transportation.
Transportation of bulk cargo by road has its own characteristics that must be taken into account when planning and implementing this type of transportation. Some of them are listed below:
For the transportation of bulk cargo, various types of transport are used depending on the volume, weight and properties of the cargo, as well as the conditions of transportation. Consider some of the most common vehicles for the transport of bulk cargo:
Dump truck: This is the most common mode of transport for transporting bulk goods over short distances. Dump trucks are equipped with a body that can be unloaded from the rear using a hydraulic system. They are commonly used to transport building materials, sand, gravel, earth and other bulk goods.
Container ship: container ships are used to transport bulk cargo over long distances. They are designed to transport goods in standard shipping containers that can be transported by various modes of transport: ships, rail cars and trucks.
Truck train: a road train consists of several trucks interconnected by special systems. It is used to transport large volumes of goods over long distances.
When choosing a vehicle for the transportation of bulk cargo, it is necessary to take into account the properties of the cargo, the conditions of transportation, as well as the cost of transportation.